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Ancient Corinth

Peloponnese - Greece

sunny 24 °C

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The Temple of Apollo
The most notable ruin of ancient Corinth is the 6th-century BC Temple of Apollo, built on a hill overlooking the remains of the Roman marketplace (agora). Seven of the original 38 Doric columns still stand, and it is one of the oldest stone temples in Greece. The temple was eventually destroyed by earthquakes.

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The Peirene Fountain
The Peirene Fountain was the major source of water for ancient Corinth. The arched openings led to bowls carved in the rock where water collected. The fountain is named for Peirene, a woman who wept so hard when she lost her son that she finally dissolved into the spring that still flows here. The fountain was said to have been a favorite watering hole of the Pegasus, the winged horse who was the son of Poseidon, god of the sea, and the Gorgon Medusa.

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The Lechaion Road
The Lechaion Road within the ancient city of Corinth. It was paved with flagstones and lined with sidewalks, arcades and shops.

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The Temple of Octavia
The three surviving columns of the great temple build in memory of Octavia, the sister of Emperor Augustus. The temple represents the imperial cult of Rome, which was spread throughout the empire.

The site of ancient Corinth was first inhabited in the Neolithic period (5000-3000 BC), and flourished as a major Greek city from the 8th century BC until its destruction by the Romans in 146 BC. Its commanding position on the Isthmus of Corinth, the narrow strip of land that separates the Peloponnese from northern Greece, was the primary basis of its importance. In Greek mythology, it was in Corinth that Jason, the leader of the Argonauts, abandoned Medea. During the Trojan War Corinthians participated under the leadership of Agamemnon. Being a leading naval power as well as a rich commercial city enabled ancient Corinth to establish colonies in Syracuse on the island of Sicily. Beginning in 582 BC, in the spring of every second year the Isthmian Games were celebrated in honor of the sea god Poseidon. The Corinthians developed the Corinthian order, the third order of the classical architecture after the Ionic and the Doric. The city was a major participant in the Persian Wars, offering forty war ships in the sea Battle of Salamis. After the end of the Peloponnesian War, Corinth and Thebes, which were former allies with Sparta in the Peloponnesian League, had grown dissatisfied with the hegemony of Sparta and started the Corinthian War against it. Corinth was conquered by Philip II of Macedon in 338 BC, but it was named the meeting place of Philip's new Hellenic confederacy. After Philip was assassinated, Alexander the Great immediately came to Corinth to meet with the confederacy, confirm his leadership, and forestall any thoughts of rebellion. At the Isthmian Games of 336 BC, the Greeks chose Alexander the Great to lead them in war against the Persians. Corinth was partially destroyed by the Romans in 146 BC, but in 44 BC it was rebuilt as a Roman city under Julius Caesar. The Apostle Paul visited Corinth in the 50s AD and later wrote two letters to the Christian community at Corinth (the books of Corinthians in the New Testament). Although Paul intended to pass through Corinth a second time before he visited Macedonia, circumstances were such that he first went from Troas to Macedonia before stopping at Corinth for a "second benefit". In 267 AD, the invasion of the Herulians initiated the decline of the city. During Alaric's invasion of Greece in 395–396, he destroyed Corinth and sold many of its citizens into slavery. Nevertheless, Corinth remained inhabited for many centuries through successive invasions, destructions and plagues.

©2008 Jordan Kevrekidis

Posted by Kevrekidis 11:33 Archived in Greece Tagged educational Comments (0)

Acrocorinth

Ancient city of Corinth, Greece.

semi-overcast 21 °C

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Acrocorinth (Akrokorinthos) is one of the most important medieval castle sites of Greece. It rises about 570 meters above the surrounding plain and was the acropolis of the ancient city of Corinth (Korinthos). The history of the fortification is closely connected with that of Corinth. It was continuously occupied from archaic times to the early nineteenth century. Acrocorinth's fortress was used as the last line of defense in southern Greece because it commanded the isthmus of Corinth, repelling foes from entry into the Peloponnesian peninsula. Three circuit walls formed the defense of the hill. The highest peak on the site was home to a temple to Aphrodite. Acrocorinth was further heavily fortified during the Byzantine Empire and became later a fortress of the Franks, the Venetians and the Ottoman Turks.

©2008 Jordan Kevrekidis

Posted by Kevrekidis 12:45 Archived in Greece Tagged educational Comments (0)

Greek Fishing Boat

Evia – Greece

sunny

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"Trechantiri" Greek traditional fishing boat.
Eretria, Evia – Greece.

Fishing use to be and still is in many Greek islands the main occupation of the inhabitants. The Greek seas and especially the Aegean are rich in many kinds of fishes. The most common way of fishing in Greece is by nets that have different names according to the kind of fishes.

©2008 Jordan Kevrekidis

Posted by Kevrekidis 08:09 Archived in Greece Tagged photography Comments (0)

Hadrian’s Library

Athens, Greece.

sunny

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Hadrian’s Library – Athens, Greece.

The impressive complex of Hadrian’s library is located in Plaka, Athens. It is the work of the hellenophile Roman Emperor Hadrian, the great benefactor of Athens, who wanted to create a peaceful spot near the bustling bazaar. The complex comprises of a huge atrium surrounded by four arcades looking onto the open peristyle courtyard. This rectangular building is 82 meters wide and 122 meters long with a Corinthian propylon on the west side. There is an impressive colonnade, which happens to be the best preserved part of the whole monument. The library itself was situated in a vast central hall on the eastern side of the complex, surrounded by two smaller rooms, possibly studies for visitors. On each side of the eastern wing there were two halls with successive rows of stone benches, correctly assumed to have been lecture halls. It’s easy to imagine ancient Greek scholars studying the papyruses and the parchments of the great Classics and taking relaxing strolls in the atrium’s garden while discussing the latest philosophical theories. Hadrian’s library remained an oasis for the intellectual for more than 130 years, until it was destroyed by the barbarian Herulae during the sack of Athens in 267 A.D.

©2007-2008 Jordan Kevrekidis

Posted by Kevrekidis 08:25 Archived in Greece Tagged educational Comments (0)

Eretria IV

Evia - Greece

sunny

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Eretria - Evia, Greece.

©2008 Jordan Kevrekidis

Posted by Kevrekidis 23:10 Archived in Greece Tagged photography Comments (0)

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